Akademiets Årsmøte 2010
Professor Svante Pääbo fra Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology i Leipzig holder foredrag om "A Neanderthal Perspective on Human Origins".
Professor Svante Pääbo fra Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology i Leipzig, Tyskland skal forelese om "A Neanderthal Perspective on Human Origins". De nyinnvalgte medlemmene vil få overrakt sine diplomer. Dessuten blir det utdeling av Fridtjof Nansens belønning for fremragende forskning og Fridtjof Nansens belønning for yngre forskere. Deltakelse bare etter invitasjon.
Kort sammendrag av Svante Pääbos foredrag "A Neanderthal Perspective on Human Origins". Neanderthals, who became extinct around 30,000 years ago, are the closest relatives of extant humans. We are currently sequencing the Neanderthal genome and analyze it together with several colleagues in Croatia, Spain, Germany and the US. To date we have determined the sequences of more than 1.1 billion DNA fragments extracted from Neanderthal fossils from Vindija Cave in Croatia. Among these are fragments we have identified almost 3.7 billion bases from the Neanderthal genome. This allows over 60% of all nucleotide sequences in the genome to be studied. Using these data we can now for the first time determine which substitutions occurred on the human evolutionary lineage and which parts of the human genome that was affected by positive selection after fully modern humans diverged from the Neanderthal linage.